This section is an overview of the most significant national and international projects developing technologies for CO2 capture, transportation, storage and utilisation.
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The Carbolab project for methane (CH4) recovery and carbon dioxide (CO2) storage was launched in 2009 with an investment of more than €4m and is being conducted at the Montsacro mine (Asturias).
This project’s aim is to develop technologies for designing integrated bio-refinery concepts, combining energy generation and bio-products.
CENIT SOST-CO2 (ended)
The CENIT SOST-CO2 project aimed to address the whole lifecycle of CO2 from its capture and transportation to its storage and large-scale utilisation, seeking a sustainable alternative to the geological confinement of emissions.
CENITCO2 project (ended)
The main object of the CENITCO2 project was to research, develop and validate new expertise and integrated solutions for increasing the effectiveness of CO2 emission reduction processes, promoting industrial research projects in Spain to accelerate the development of advanced technologies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
The CO2 FUNNELS project (cultivation of fast-growing plant species with high bio-energy potential in open and semi-closed systems with carbon fertilisation near a refinery) aims to demonstrate the possibility of capturing CO2 by CO2 fertilisation of energy crops, obtaining biomass which may be used in turn to generate energy.
Compostilla OXYCFB300 is an all-inclusive project including CO2 capture, transportation and storage with the main aim of validating a flexible and competitive CCS technology on an industrial scale allowing current fossil-fuel power plants to be refurbished as from 2020.
Gorgon Project (Australia)
The Gorgon Carbon Dioxide Injection Project is an integral part of the Gorgon Project which is being constructed by Chevron.
Hatfield project, "Don Valley" (UK)
The Don Valley Power Project (better known as Hatfield) is a project involving the building of a large-scale 900 MW integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant over two phases with a CO2 capture rate of 91%.
In 2010 the installation of a pilot facility was completed at the IGCC plant in Puertollano. This is the first plant for integrated gasification in combined cycle in the world able to demonstrate that pre-combustion technology for CO2 capture is viable alongside hydrogen production and electricity generation, putting IGCC at the cutting edge of clean coal technologies.
This project is to develop a CO2 capture technology using limestone as a sorbent.
A new plant for injecting CO2 into soil (PISCO2) has been set up at Cubillos del Sil (León province).
Rotterdam project, "ROAD" (Netherlands)
The "Rotterdam Capture, Storage and Demonstration project" (ROAD) is the first large-scale demo CCS technology project in the Netherlands and is supported by the European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR).
Sleipner Project (Offshore Norway, Central North Sea)
First CO2 storage project in Europe (1996). Statoil Hydro started operating "Sleipner", a natural gas field. As a process of gas purification (9% of CO2 concentrated), a process of CO2 capture (through the absorption technique) and re-injection of captured CO2 was established.
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